h29 - Abolitionists Frederick Douglas was the editor of an...

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Abolitionists Frederick Douglas was the editor of an abolitionist newspaper.
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On a side note. . . Are they related?
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Harriet Tubman  Helped slaves escape via the Underground Railroad.
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John Brown He and his sons brutally murdered 5 slave masters in Kansas. (1858) Tried to incite a slave revolt
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Reconstruction 1865- 77 After the Civil War 1861-1865, the federal government made strides toward equality. Blacks voted, held many political offices. The Freedmen’s Bureau was a govt program to help Blacks find land, it established schools and colleges.
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Reconstruction The Fourteenth Amendment guaranteed all citizens with equal protection under the law. The Fifteenth Amendment said the right to vote shall not be denied on the basis of race.
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However. . . The Supreme Court decided in Plessy vs. Ferguson that separate institutions are okay if they are equal. Jim Crow laws required that Blacks have separate facilities.
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Dallas Bus Station
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Jim Crow Laws
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Texas sign
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Jim Crow Laws
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Jim Crow Laws
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Jim Crow Laws
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NAACP Founded in 1909 by W.E.B. Dubois Fought for equality
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NAACP fought in the  courts Thurgood Marshall was hired by the NAACP to argue in the Supreme Court against school segregation. He won. He was later the 1 st Black Supreme Court Justice.
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Thurgood Marshall
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Brown vs. Board of Education  1954
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The Fight Many African Americans and whites risked their lives and lost their lives to remedy this situation. Rosa Parks was not the first, but she was the beginning of something special.
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Montgomery Bus Boycott,  1955 Rosa Parks was arrested for violating the segregation laws of Montgomery, Alabama.
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In Response. . . For over a year, Blacks boycotted the buses. They carpooled and walked through all weather conditions
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Many were arrested for an “illegal  boycott” including their leader. . .
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Martin Luther King Jr.
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While the NAACP fought in the courts, MLK’s organization led the boycott. http://www.africanaonline.com/Graphic/rosa_parks_bus.gif
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2011 for the course AMH 2010 taught by Professor Minor during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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h29 - Abolitionists Frederick Douglas was the editor of an...

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