g14 - The Antarctic continent • Coldest, driest,...

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Unformatted text preview: The Antarctic continent • Coldest, driest, windiest, highest, and least accessible continent • Winter population 1000 people, 10,000 in summer • 10,000 tourists visit for a few days in summer • Ice covered for the last 25 million years • Less than 1% of continent is ice free • Once the home of dinosaurs, trees and plants • An insect is the “lion” of the Antarctic The Southern Ocean • Fifty million seals & 15 million penguins • Regional fishery of global economic value • History of over-exploitation. Seals, whales. penguins and fish • Fishery for krill and fish regulated by science-backed international body under Antarctic Treaty • Pirate fishing due to lack of effective policing • Decline of albatross due to mortality on long lines of tuna fishermen in sub-Tropics The Antarctic Treaty • Antarctica is “a natural reserve devoted to peace and science” • The Antarctic Treaty manages the region’s wildlife • Mining is forbidden • The Treaty runs indefinitely • Forty-four countries have acceded to the Antarctic Treaty (80% of the world population) • All 44 countries have to agree to Treaty revisions “Green” fallacies about the Antarctic...
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2011 for the course GEO 2200 taught by Professor Wolf during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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g14 - The Antarctic continent • Coldest, driest,...

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