psych 421 notes# 7 - -He learned list until perfect recall (

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More new psychology in Germany: Herman Ebbinghaus (1850-1909):- - He was from Bonn, Germany. he served in the military; son of a merchant; attended University of Bonn - Served in the Prussian army 1870-1871; received his PHD in 1873; and he graduated with the highest record and as a top student. - He looks in a Parisian bookstore in Paris and finds a book of Fechner-> Elements of Psycho-physics; that says people can study higher mental processes( memory). A different kind of researcher:- - He was a private tutor at the University of Berlin. - Nin-traditional-> he did not have graduate students to work with him or collageous to share ideas with. - He did his first systematic work on memory. - He used himself as a subject (studied himself). - He waited four years to submit his work/ replicated data. - He did an experiment in 1880 and published it in 1884. Learning and memory - Familiarity’s powerful effects - “Nonsense syllables”-> list of words that have no meaning as a grouping.
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Unformatted text preview: -He learned list until perfect recall ( mastery)-Recorded how many times it took to get to perfect recall-Relearning was experimental task-“ saving” => # of trials to learn - # of trials to relearn / # trials to learn X 100 Time interval between Learning and retrieving his results ( % saved) his results ( % lost) 0min 100% 20min 58 42 60min 44 56 9hrs 36 64 24hrs 34 66 2days 28 72 6days 25 75 31days 21 79 Ebbinghaus in perspective:--Many firsts;- -He’s the first to investigate memory and learning experimentally-He’s the first to suggest looking at intelligence in school children-He’s modern psychologists-His book on memory ( 1885) is a classic and still cited until today-He died relatively young of pneumonia-Other German contributors at Wundt’s time Franz Brentano, Carl Stumpf, and Oswald Kulpe....
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2011 for the course PSY 421 taught by Professor Quinton during the Fall '11 term at State University of New York.

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psych 421 notes# 7 - -He learned list until perfect recall (

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