groups - 6. Cohesiveness 7. Isolation 8. the known opinion...

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Social Judgment How are our judgments affected by others? Risky Shift? 0. Risky shift phenomenon. 0. Stoner (1961) 1. But group decisions can also be more cautious So which is it? Riskier or more cautious? 2. It depends on prior judgments.
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3. Group Polarization - the tendency for group discussions to strengthen the average inclination of the group members. Why do we get Polarization? 4. Informational Influence 5. Normative Influence Are two heads better than one? The Groupthink phenomenon 0. Consider: 0. Pearl Harbor 1. Bay of Pigs 2. Challenger explosion 3. Vietnam war 4. Columbia explosion? 5. 9/11? 6. Iraq war?
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1. Groupthink - the tendency for individuals to suppress dissent when making decisions in groups often leading to poorer decisions. Precursors of Groupthink
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Unformatted text preview: 6. Cohesiveness 7. Isolation 8. the known opinion of a directive leader Why do we see groupthink? The symptoms 2. Overconfidence 7. illusion of invulnerability 8. unquestioned morality 3. close-mindedness 9. rationalizations and justifications 10. relying on stereotypes 4. pressures toward uniformity 11. conformity pressures 12. self-censorship 13. Illusion of unanimity 14. Mindguards How can we eliminate groupthink? 9. Be impartial 10. Encourage/reward critical evaluation 11. subdivide the group 12. welcome outside opinions 13. allow anonymous opinions 14. have a second chance meeting Problems with the groupthink theory 15. The theory is based on past events and has received mixed new support....
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groups - 6. Cohesiveness 7. Isolation 8. the known opinion...

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