GEB+3373+S2011+PP+Ch04+E-book

GEB+3373+S2011+PP+Ch04+E-book - Chapter 4 Emphasizing...

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1 Chapter 4 Emphasizing Informal Institutions: Cultures, Ethics, and Norms GEB 3373, Spring 2011
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2 GEB 3373, Spring 2011 What is Meant by “Culture” Culture is “…that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.” Edward B. Tylor, 1871
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3 GEB 3373, Spring 2011 GEB 6365, Fall 2009 What is Meant by “Culture” “Culture is man’s medium; there is not one aspect of human life that is not touched and altered by culture. This means personalities , how people express themselves (including shows of emotion), the way they think , how people move , how problems are solved , how their cities are planned and laid out , how transportation systems function and are organized , as well as how economic and governmental systems work .”
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4 GEB 3373, Spring 2011 GEB 6365, Fall 2009 4 What is Meant by “Culture” “The collective programming of the mind that distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another.” This is the definition used in your book and it comes from Geerte Hofstede, whose name you will see again shortly.
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5 GEB 3373, Spring 2011 GEB 6365, Fall 2009 What is Meant by “Culture” s Culture is not innate but LEARNED behavior s the various facets of culture are INTERRELATED (you touch a culture in one place and everything else is affected) s it is SHARED and in effect defines the boundaries of different groups Edward Hall, 1977
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6 GEB 3373, Spring 2011 GEB 6365, Fall 2009 What is Meant by “Culture” s From the above ideas, it is evident that culture is in our guts----not only in our minds: s What is like our culture is normal, rational, good, beautiful s What is unlike our culture is strange, irrational, evil, ugly
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7 GEB 3373, Spring 2011 GEB 6365, Fall 2009 What is Meant by “Culture” s These attitudes, which are widely observed, are called CULTURAL BIAS
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8 GEB 3373, Spring 2011 GEB 6365, Fall 2009 What is Meant by “Culture” s Societal values and customs constantly evolve in response to changing realities. s Cultural imperialism is brought about by the imposition of one culture upon that of another. s Certain elements introduced from outside a culture may be known as creolization, indigenization, or cultural diffusion.
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9 GEB 3373, Spring 2011 GEB 6365, Fall 2009 What is Meant by “Culture” s Isolation from other groups, especially because of language, tends to stabilize cultures. s Some countries see language as being so important that they regulate the inclusion of foreign words and/or mandate the use of the country’s official language for business purposes.
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10 GEB 3373, Spring 2011 GEB 6365, Fall 2009 What is Meant by “Culture” s Religion is a major source of both cultural imperatives and cultural taboos, thus stabilizing a culture by isolating it from other groups.
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11 GEB 3373, Spring 2011 GEB 6365, Fall 2009 What is Meant by “Culture” As a useful frame of reference for business decision-making, we tend to talk about “culture” in terms of nation-states, comparing and contrasting one country with another
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This note was uploaded on 02/12/2011 for the course GEB 3373 taught by Professor Crum during the Spring '10 term at University of Florida.

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GEB+3373+S2011+PP+Ch04+E-book - Chapter 4 Emphasizing...

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