Anthropology Study Guide

Anthropology Study Guide - Anthropology Study Guide...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Anthropology Study Guide Anthropology- the study of humanity at all times and in all places o Unique human Language Religion and symbolism Abstract thought Cultural and tool use Bipedalism Large brain : body o Subfield Physical- study of humans as biological organisms Paleontology- biological study of extinct humans Human variation- biological study of extant humans Primatology- biological study of human’s closest relatives Cultural- study of learned behavior patterns of extant groups Ethnography- study of all behaviors in one culture Ethnology- study of one behavior across many cultures Social anth- study of human social cultures Psychological anth- study of intelligence across many cultures Archaeology- study of learned behavior patterns of extinct groups Prehistoric- study of human material culture before written records Historic- study human material culture in cultures with written records Contract- study of excavating and preserving human material culture Linguistics- study of language Historical- the study of evolution and development of language Social- study of daily use of language in society Psycholinguistics- cross cultural study of language acquisition Induction- reasoning from detailed facts to general principles Deduction- reasoning from general to particular Hypothesis- educated guess Chromosome- double strands of DNA found in nucleus of every cell, carry genes on them Genes- shortened pieces of DNA which carry genetic code four our development, physical characteristics, and aging and death Karyotyping- science of counting and sorting chromosomes Asexual reproduction- simple cell division, need only one sex, produces identical copy Sexual reproduction- need two parents, unique recombination, variation Evolution- change in gene frequency of a breeding population from one generation to the next o Genetic drift- change in frequency as a result of a group of individuals becoming isolated from the larger group by chance Founders effect o Gene flow- change in gene frequency due to mixing and interbreeding between several populations Clinical distribution o Mutations- change in gene frequency due to accidental changes in number of structures of genes or chromosomes
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Small changes in DNA in meiosis occur because of solar radiation, radioactivity, drugs, etc. Usually only produce small functional deficits and not passed on in sex cells
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course ANTH 0620 taught by Professor Mooney during the Fall '08 term at Pittsburgh.

Page1 / 6

Anthropology Study Guide - Anthropology Study Guide...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online