Ch. 1 & 2 SG - Nutrition - NutritionStudyGuide(Ch.12)

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Nutrition Study Guide (Ch. 1-2) Chapter One and Two – Wellness and Community Nutrition Nutrition :  science that studies how the nutrients and compounds in foods that you eat nourish and affect  your body functions and health Nutrients interact with body tissue, adding/subtracting a little each day, thus changing the foundation upon  which the health of the body is built Six Nutrients 1. Carbohydrates 2. Proteins 3. Fats (Lipids) 4. Vitamins 5. Minerals 6. Water Energy-yielding Nutrients:   Carbs, Fats, and Proteins Elemental diets    administered to severely ill pts; simplest form of carbs, fats, and proteins *A  BALANCE  of the 6 nutrients based on sex, age, height, weight, % body fat, activity level, race,  ethnicity, economic level, genomics, disease status, and nutritional status is a nutritious diet!!* Five Characteristics of a Nutritious Diet 1. Adequacy 2. Balance 3. Calorie control
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Nutrition Study Guide (Ch. 1-2) 4. Moderation 5. Variety Self-efficacy :  perception of one’s ability o have power over our lives and behaviors Positive Self-efficacy :  believing that personal behaviors can be changed and one has control  over one’s life Negative Self-efficacy :  feeling as if one is powerless with little control over circumstances  Health Behavior Change    takes substantial effort Desire to Change Seek Knowledge Learning Process/Plan Education Motivation Support Best Foods  SUPPORT  body’s growth and maintenance Malnutrition  = deficiencies, imbalances, and excesses Top 3 Causes of Death :  Heart Attack, Cancer, Stroke ( ALL  are affected by diet!)  Lifestyle Choices Affecting Health Sleep, Stress, Environmental Factors Health Literacy :  ability to understand basic health concepts and apply to one’s own health decisions Formal, Informal, Non formal Education
Background image of page 2
Nutrition Study Guide (Ch. 1-2) Health :  merging and balancing of 5 physical and psychological dimensions of health:   physical,  intellectual, emotional, social and spiritual  Health Promotion :  strategies used to increase the level of health of individuals, families, groups, and  communities Healthy People 2020 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) – what people eat National Food Consumption Survey (NFCS) – comparing foods eaten with recommendations Wellness :  lifestyle that enhances our level of health  Role in Wellness Physical    following food guide recommendations, risk of diet-related disease reduced Intellectual   reasoning used to make consumer decisions about food purchases and to apply  food safety recommendations Emotional   changing eating habits depends on our ability to be flexible
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 13

Ch. 1 & 2 SG - Nutrition - NutritionStudyGuide(Ch.12)

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online