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Handout_1+-+Consequentialism - Handout#1 Utilitarianism...

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Handout#1 - Utilitarianism Sripada, Philosophy 156 Rachel’s Big Three features of utilitarianism Consequentialism = whether an act is morally right depends only on consequences (as opposed to the circumstances or the intrinsic nature of the act or anything that happens before the act). Hedonistic Consequentialism = the value of the consequences depends only on the pleasures and pains in the consequences (as opposed to other goods, such as freedom, knowledge, life, and so on). Equal Consideration = in determining moral rightness, benefits to one person matter just as much as similar benefits to any other person (= all who count count equally). Other important distinctions Actual Consequentialism = whether an act is morally right depends only on the actual consequences (as opposed to ‘expected consequentialism’ in which whether an act is right depends only on its foreseen or foreseeable consequences). Maximizing Consequentialism = moral rightness depends only on which consequences are best (as opposed to satisfactory or an improvement over the status quo).
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