Psych 111 Linfield Textbook Chapter 7

Psych 111 Linfield Textbook Chapter 7 -...

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Linfield Chapter 7 Reading Notes 18:16 Memory: Retention of information over time Paradox of memory: o Our memories are really good in some situations and realy bad in others Infantile Autism: People with low IQs but insane memory abilities Can memories phone books, zip codes, etc The Fallibility of Memory: Many people have extremely good memories in one or two narrow domains Suggestive Memory Techniques: o Procedures that strongly encourage patients to recal memories o Often create recollections that were not there to begin with DID patients—tend to have faulty memories Memory Illusion: o False but subjectively compelling memory The Reconstructive nature of memory: Our memories are much more reconstructive than reproductive
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We ACTIVELY reconstruct parts of our memories  we do not passively  reproduce them Observer memory: o Memory in which we see ourselves as an outside observer would Field Memory: o Seeing the world through your visual field The Three Systems of Memory: Sensory Memory Short term memory Long term memory These three things differ in two important dimensions: o Span   how much info each system can hold o Duration   over how long a period of time that system can hold info Sensory Memory: Brief storage of perceptual info before it is passed to short-term memory First part in the assembly line of memory Buys our brains some extra time to process incoming sensations “fils in the blanks” in our perceptions and see the world as an unbroken  stream of events Specific type of sensory memory:  Iconic Memory: o Visual sensory memory
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o Last for only about a second  then gone forever o Happens when watching tv o May help to explain eidetic imagery(aka photographic memory) Other type:  Echoic Memory: o Sensory memory applied to hearing o Auditory o After you hear something outloud you are able to play it over exactly how  you heard it in your head for a few seconds after Short-Term Memory: Memory system that retains info for limited durations Second system “working memory”—currently thinking about, attending to, or processing 
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course PSYCH 111 taught by Professor Schreier during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Psych 111 Linfield Textbook Chapter 7 -...

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