Linfield notes 469-476

Linfield notes 469-476 - LinfieldNotesP.469476 03:33...

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Linfield Notes P.469-476 03:33 Motivation: Drives Wants and needs Propel us in specific directions Two of the most overpowering motivators in life: Food and Sex Drive Reduction Theory: Certain drives(hunger, thirst, and sexual frustration) motivate us to act to  minimize aversive states All of these drives are unpleasant—but satisfaction of them is pleasureable Some drive is more powerful than others—thirst> hunger Proposes that we’re motvated to maintain a given level of psychological  homeostasis— equilibrium o We need to satisfy the drive—but not by too much(i.e. overeating) Drives and Arousal: Not getting ahead of the curve Each of us has an optimal point of arousal—middle of the U curve o Below the point—we are bored and don’t perform well o Above the point we are stressed and don’t perform well o Arousal level shifts depending on time of day, substances ingested, and  complexity of tasks When we’re underaroused—“stimulus hunger”—drive for stimulation o Can be satisfied by fidgeting, fantasizing, listening to music, socializing,  etc When our drives clash: Approach and Avoidance Conflicting drives—end up sitting motionless deciding what to do Certain drives generate tendencies toward  Approach: o Predisposition toward certain stimuli(food or objects of our sexual desire)
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Linfield notes 469-476 - LinfieldNotesP.469476 03:33...

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