FOOD - Chapter 8: The First Farmers Broad Spectrum...

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Chapter 8: The First Farmers Broad Spectrum Revolution: The period beginning in 15,000 B.P. in the Middle East and 12,000 B.P. in Europe during which a wider range or broader spectrum of plant and animal life was hunted, gathered collected, caught, and fished. o Revolutionary because it led to food production—human control over the reproduction of plants and animals Emergence of Food Production in the Middle East: o The last stages of broad spectrum foraging—era of seminomadic hunting and gathering o Then the first domesticated plants—wheat and barley—and animals— goats and sheep—were added to the diet o Then the era of early dry farming, aka farming without irrigation, (of wheat and barley), and caprine domestication o THEN—Era of increasing specialization in food production(7500 to 5500 B.P.) new crops added to the diet and more productive varieties of wheat and barley—cattle and pigs were domesticated o Then agriculture extends to alluvial plain of the tigris and Euphrates rivers
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FOOD - Chapter 8: The First Farmers Broad Spectrum...

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