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Chapter 15- Religion - Chapter 15 Religion Animism the...

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Chapter 15: Religion Animism: the earliest form of religion—a belief in spiritual beings Mana: a sacred impersonal force existing in the universe It can reside in people, animals, plants and objects Believed in by the Meanesians They thought of it like luck Attributed success with mana Objects with mana could change someone’s luck Taboo: set apart as sacred and off-limits to ordinary people Because high chiefs had so much mana—their bodies and possessions were taboo Contact between a high chief and commoners was forbidden Magic: Refers to supernatural techniques intended to accomplish specific aims Include: spells, formulas, and incantations uses with deities or impersonal forces Imitative Magic: o To produce a desired effect by imitating it o If magicians wish to injure or kill someone—imitate the effect on an image of the victim o Sticking pins in Voodoo dolls is an example Contagious Magic: o Whatever is done to an object Is believed to affect a person who ince had contact with it o Sometimes they use body products from prospective victims—their hair or nails for example o
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