Nov 1Syntax+II - Syntax II The Grammar & the Lexicon...

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Syntax II The Grammar & the Lexicon
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Outline Review of TG Constraints on long distance Lexicalized Syntactic Knowledge Syntactic Category (POS) Other Syntactic Features Gender, number, case The Grammar in the Lexicon Heads-UP: HW #3 (speech in noise) due Nov 12
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Lexicon Words in the language [phonology, meaning] Their syntactic properties Must be learned Grammar Generative, categorical rules for forming sentences Some large portion of this is common across languages (UG), and therefore, may be innate
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Review of TG Phrase structure rules + lexical insertion rules build DS Transformations apply to DS to create SS SS structures must be parsed by listener in order to understand meaning Don’t worry too much about how kids learn the rules, because UG might provide a solution.
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PS rules : S = NP VP NP = Det N VP = V NP Transformations: Sequence of operations to create Wh- Question Which pants i did John lose __ i ? Coindexing…Long distance dependency
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Deep Structure & Surface Structure From Lasnik (1990)
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Distance Dependency On long distance dependences Wh movement- [Which book did you read__?] Topicalization [This book, I read__.] On co reference of pronouns Jane thinks she is doing well in the class. Coindexing-Jane and she is the same
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Nov 1Syntax+II - Syntax II The Grammar & the Lexicon...

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