Nov 8 - The Cognitive Revolution in Psychology Language...

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The Cognitive Revolution in Psychology
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Language research during the Reign of Behaviorism Operant studies (e.g., Verplanck) Classical Conditioning experiments (e.g., Stroop), “referential triangle” Practical research, much of which was funded by the defense department
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George Miller’s Lab Interested in speech and hearing Trained as a behaviorist in the 1940s In 1950’s studied radio-based communication How high does the signal-to-noise ratio need to be, for adequate transmission of the message? Amount of noise Characteristics of the message Characteristics of the speaker
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How do we (the Navy) insure adequate transmission of message? One strategy: Limit the vocabulary/possible messages Digits are easy: 0-9 have 8 different nuclear vowels (only 5 and 9 share their vowel) Nonsense syllables are opposite extreme— need to hear each phoneme clearly
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Findings Miller et al. (1951) Miller & Selfridge (1950) demonstrated analogous
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course PSYCH 242 taught by Professor Epstein during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Nov 8 - The Cognitive Revolution in Psychology Language...

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