Nov 10 - The Cognitive Revolution in Psychology Part II The...

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The Cognitive Revolution in Psychology, Part II The Trouble w/Transformations
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Mehler (1963): Some Effects of Grammatical Transformations on the Recall of English Sentences Kernal recalled most easily 468 errors on complex  forms revert toward K, vs.  380 in other direction Complex sentences  encoded as Kernal +  transformation tags
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The Derivational Theory of Complexity To understand a sentence: 1. Recover Surface Structure 1. Reverse transformations to arrive at Deep Structure 1. Map Deep Structure to meaning. Prediction: More transformations means more difficulty and more time to understand.
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Gough (1965): Grammatical Listeners look at a picture and listen to a sentence matching  the picture (or not, in the case of “False” items).       “The boy hit the girl.” “The boy did not hit the girl.”     “The girl was hit by the boy.” Verification timed from                     onset  of picture, at end of sentence.
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Slobin (1966) Same picture verification task, but with both adults and kids (aged 6-12)
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course PSYCH 242 taught by Professor Epstein during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Nov 10 - The Cognitive Revolution in Psychology Part II The...

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