Nov29 - Syntactic ambiguity Resolution Fraziers Garden Path...

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Syntactic ambiguity Resolution Frazier’s Garden Path theory Constraint-based theory Is the mental architecture purely bottom up or is it interactive? Role of Pragmatics Bottom Top
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Pragmatic Interpretation (speaker’s meaning): assigning an interpretation consistent with the situational context. May or may not match the semantic interpretation (sentence meaning). “It’s cold in here!” In a car, in which other passengers have their windows open In a walk-in freezer “John thinks he will pass the exam.” John is a student, and has been studying hard John is a parent, who has been discussing his son’s academic struggles “Chris saw her duck” Chris is touring Maggie’s farm.
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Syntactic Analysis Semantic Interpretation Syntax largely determines meaning Put the ball in the box on the table. Put (the ball in the box) (on the table). Put (the ball) (in the box on the table). Because the sentence is globally ambiguous , we must use pragmatic knowledge to resolve it.
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Much of pragmatics is closely tied to (non- linguistic) real world knowledge. Some aspects of pragmatics are codified linguistically. Referring expressions Introduce new entities using indefinite NP “I saw a cat .” “I saw some cats . Refer back to current entities using a
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Nov29 - Syntactic ambiguity Resolution Fraziers Garden Path...

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