Oct27 - Anactualsyntactictheory Chomskys(1957)...

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An actual syntactic theory    Chomsky’s (1957)  Transformational  Generative Grammar  (TG) Phrase Structure  Deep Structure (DS) Transformations  operate on DS to  yield Surface  Structure (SS)
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A toy version of TG PS rules : Mom = daughter S = NP VP NP = Det N VP = V NP Lexical Insertion rules : Syntactic Category: words Det:  The, A, An N:  Dog, Cat, Cow, Spider V:  kissed, saw, spit out Phrase structure tree is hierarchically organized at Nodes in tree can be words, syntactic categories, or phrasal categories. Only phrasal categories can be “mothers.”
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PS rules : S = NP VP NP = Det N VP = V NP Lexical Insertion rules : Det:  The, A, An N:  Dog, Cat, Cow, Spider V:  kissed, saw, spit out Lexical strings corresponding to some possible DS s: The dog saw the cat.   The cow kissed the dog. Lexical strings corresponding to some possible SS s: The dog saw the cat.  Which cow kissed the dog? The cat was seen by the dog. 
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Oct27 - Anactualsyntactictheory Chomskys(1957)...

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