1-24 Birth and Infant Physical Perceptual Motor Development

1-24 Birth and Infant Physical Perceptual Motor Development...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Physical, Perceptual and Motor Development Lecture 4 January 24, 2011
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Overview Birth  § Stages of labor § Video The amazing newborn § Physical condition § Reflexes § Senses § States – sleeping and crying Feeding Infancy § Body growth § Motor Development § Perceptual development – a focus on vision § Brain development
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Childbirth Stages of labor Stage 1  § Dilation of the cervix (the opening from  uterus to vagina) § Accomplished through contractions of  the uterus Stage 2 § Fetus goes from uterus to vagina § Head “crowns” § Body emerges Stage 3 § Umbilical cord, placenta, expelled
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Childbirth continued Changing notion of traditional childbirth Past: home delivery, natural family event Current:  hospitals, medical event (U.S.) Holland – 33% give birth at home US – 1% give birth at home Concern about “medicalization” of childbirth § Moms are not involved in decision-making process § Treating a natural process like a disease § Pain medication Ø Some form medication in used 80-95% of births in the US Ø Sedative drugs - relax mom & relieve pain; cross placental barrier Ø Regional anesthesia - e.g., epidural - may prolong labor; cause trouble with pushing; headaches
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The Cesarean Section (C-section) C-section  - surgical procedure – typically with regional  anesthesia – the mother is awake   Why needed?  - medical emergencies (ex. heart rate is  down), breech positions, failure to progress Prevalence  – 5.5% of births in 1970; 29% of births in  2004 – most common form of major surgery  Concern is that it is done unnecessarily; are doctors  being too cautious? Why is high rate a problem? § Major surgery - longer recovery Ø Mom is sore, less mobile, doesn’t want to breast feed § Expensive - possible financial strain
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Modern Childbirth - Alternatives Movement to return to natural childbirth  Natural or prepared childbirth (e.g., Lamaze) Goal is to make hospital birth as comfortable and  rewarding as possible Typical components:  Classes, relaxation, coach Benefits: moms report feeling more control, well  prepared when new things come about  Use of doula (pregnancy coach) and social support Birthing centers Combine intimacy of home birth with medical 
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course PSYCH 250 taught by Professor Ward during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.

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1-24 Birth and Infant Physical Perceptual Motor Development...

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