1-26 Infant cognition and language

1-26 Infant cognition and language - Infant Cognitive and...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Infant Cognitive and Language Development Lecture 5 January 26, 2011
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Reminders Exam 1 next Wednesday (2/2) 1:10-2:30 Sixty questions (each worth 1 point) Two bonus questions Review sheet posted on Friday evening GSIs will distribute sample questions Friday Sections go to Chem 1400 Special accommodation room: MLB B101 Will send out an email with more details Article for paper 1 discussed on Monday
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Overview Cognitive development § Piaget’s Sensorimotor Period § Revisions to Piaget Ø Video Language development § Major theories – nature vs.  nurture § Interactionist approaches § Video
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Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Theory Sensorimotor stage  (0-2 yrs) – infants learn  about the world through their 5 senses and their motor skills Schemas  = psychological structures that  organize experience How does cognitive change take place? Adaptation  - process of building schemas  through direct interaction with the  environment § Assimilation  – children incorporate new  info into existing knowledge systems § Accommodation  – children change  existing knowledge systems to  accommodate new info
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The Sensorimotor Stage C ircular reactions  – repeated actions used to  learn about physical reality Substage 1  - Reflexive schemas (birth to 1  month) - exercising reflexes; the building  blocks of sensorimotor intelligence – get a  better understanding of envr through  reflexes Substage 2  - Primary circular reactions (1-4  mos) – repetitive actions done by accident oriented towards infant’s own body Substage 3  - Secondary circular reactions (4-8  mos) - making and repeating interesting  events in the environment
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Sensorimotor Stage cont. Substage 4 - Coordination of  secondary circular reactions (8- 12 months) § Can engage in goal-directed  behavior § Sign of  object permanence  (objects exist when we don’t see them); but  not fully developed Substage 5 - Tertiary circular  reactions (12-18 mos) -  experimenting - repeating acts  with variation
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Substage 6 - Mental Representation Mental representations
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course PSYCH 250 taught by Professor Ward during the Spring '08 term at University of Michigan.

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1-26 Infant cognition and language - Infant Cognitive and...

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