1-31 Infant socioemotional development

1-31 Infant socioemotional development - Socio-Emotional...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Socio-Emotional Development in Infancy Lecture 6 January 31, 2011
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Overview Erikson’s theory of personality development Emotional developmental milestones Attachment theory Romanian Institutional Rearing § Video § Article for paper #1 Temperament
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Birth to year 1 Psychosocial conflict : trust vs. mistrust Conflict is resolved positively if, on balance , care- giving is sensitive, responsive, and consistent Years 1 - 3 Conflict is resolved positively if parents handle  assertions of independence with tolerance and  understanding  Conflict resolved negatively if parents criticize insist  on doing everything for child Erikson’s Theory of Early Personality Development
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Emotional Development Birth – born with emotions of pleasure and distress Basic emotions (interest, happiness, anger, fear, sadness) –  are experienced by people worldwide and consist of three  elements § A subjective feeling from emotions § A physiological change (ex. change in respiration, heart rate)  § An overt behavior (ex. facial expression that corresponds) Basic emotions all develop in the first year Focus on two important emotions:  § Happiness- lips go up § Fear-eyes are wide, mouth is open, eye brows go up
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Emotional Development cont. Happiness  - binds parent & baby; fosters  competence § If the baby looks happy, the parent  believes they must be doing something  right § Reflexive smile – not in response to  any external stimuli  § Social smile (~2 mos) – occurs in  response to other faces Fear   § First appears at 7-8 months § Seen in  stranger anxiety   (7-8  months) - an expression of fear in  response to unfamiliar adults 
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Emotional Development: The Next Level Emergence of self-conscious emotions § Between 18-24 months § Self-evaluative component – involves  injury to or enhancement of sense of  self § Examples: embarrassment, guilt,  pride Understanding and responding to the  emotions of others § Social referencing  (~ 1 yr) =  Checking back and monitoring a  caregiver’s expression for cues as to  how to behave in a potentially  dangerous situation
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Development of Attachment Attachment   - An enduring  socioemotional relationship between  infant and caregivers.   The infant is biologically driven to seek  out attachment, no matter how poorly  the caretaker treats them.
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Attachment cont. Four Phases of Development
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1-31 Infant socioemotional development - Socio-Emotional...

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