2-7 Physical and cognitive development in early childhood

2-7 Physical and cognitive development in early childhood -...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood Lecture 7 February 7, 2011
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Exam #1 Results Mean = 52 Range = 25 – 62 If you are having trouble, please see your GSI or me
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Overview Physical Motor Brain Injuries Cognition § Piaget’s preoperational period Ø Video § Concerns with theory Ø Video § Application: Autism Ø Video Midterm Student Feedback with CRLT
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Entering The Preschool World (years 2-6). . .
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Physical Growth Cephalocaudal principle  § 3 year olds have large heads and round bodies § With age, limbs get longer and bodies thin out Growth slows  § Weight and height double between 2 and 12 yrs  § (Recall that infants triple weight from 0 to 1.)  
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Motor Development Gross motor skills – involve large muscle movements § Huge changes between 2 and 6 Ø Examples: child is now able to pump a swing, climb a ladder, ride a tricycle, throw catch and kick a ball Fine motor skills – small, coordinated movements § Takes longer to master § Requires – muscular control, patience, and judgment –  slowly developing abilities Ø Examples: pouring juice, buttoning shirts
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Brain Development Three  important components in preschool yrs 1. Myelination – development of a fatty sheath that  speeds neuronal transmission § Continues into preschool years up to adulthood § Underlies  Ø Faster thought processing Ø Reaction time Ø Ex. learning to read Ø Ex. being able to catch a ball
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Brain Development cont.
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