13 Intro to Sociology through Children and Childhood

13 Intro to Sociology through Children and Childhood -...

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1/11-1/13 Introduction to Sociology through Children and  Childhood Sociology is the systematic study of society, social institutions, and social  interactions. 1. Macro or structural perspective Economy, state, educational system o Neighborhoods, families, work places Large elaborated systems that structure the flow of peple, resources ($), and  power People have different social statuses and are understood in different socially  constructed categories o People are stratified by these categories Stratification: Ladders and Pies Stratification means there are some people on top with more power,  resources, money, prestige and some on the bottom There are many lines of stratification o Class, race, gender, sexuality, age In our society some people have more and some people have less  Pie example: o Shows that there is social inequality in areas such as wealth A small amount of people have a lot (ex. wealth) Not evenly distributed 2. Micro or interactional perspective How are our day to day interactions shaped by social structural institutions Day to day interactions often structured by unofficial rules about behavior and  even feeling Sociologist: Erving Goffman
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o Stages, roles, and scripts (set of expected behaviors for certain people  depending on the setting one is in) Onstage v. backstage Things you can do at home that you cant do in public Impression management  o We’re trying to manage how others perceive us Ex. what we wear and our behavior Ex. job interview (try to wear the right clothes, sit the right way and  make the right jokes) Studied non-observance o What do we do when someone breaks the rules? Ignoring when people break the rules We all agree to pretend like we don’t notice when someone’s  “performance” isn’t going correctly Kids for the most part aren’t trained to study non-observance Kids point out when people aren’t following the “script” or the rules Ex. standing too close to someone when talking to then (Seinfeld episode:  close talker) Not only is our society structured but our day to day interactions are  structured Why study sociology? 1. Connections between “personal troubles” and “social issues” Personal trouble is part of the larger social issue o Unemployed in 2010 o “Late” marriage
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o Childhood obesity o Boomerang children when your kid moves out and then comes back to live at home with  parents o First generation college students feeling like they don’t fit 2. Sociology aggregates events rather than looking at them as individual cases Suicide o If you look at suicide in terms of a lot of people there are variations in the 
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13 Intro to Sociology through Children and Childhood -...

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