27 Class - 1/251/27Power,Status,andInequality:Class...

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1/25-1/27 Power, Status, and Inequality: Class  What is social structure? Regular patterns of social organization and social interaction Mirror macro/micro ideas of sociology Individuals’ actions within social structures are guided by rules and norms Formal rules (getting in, cheating policy) and social norms (unspoken rules) Rules and norms regulate actions within social structures Rule systems (bureaucracies, legal proceedings, regulations) become institutions We tend to think of institutions as a physical building However, sociological buildings are not all physical- marriage, army,  corporations, political parties, schools, fraternities People are sorted differently into institutions. If you took random representative sample of the US, is that description  representative of all institutions in the US? No… Many institutions are the domain of a particular group o Elite children and poor children are involved in different institutions o Poor children will be more likely to interact with foster care systems, public  school over private school, etc. o Some institutions have a lot more men than women Some institutions involve many different groups. o Zoos, public transportation in some cities, television o Disney movies effect children of all class backgrounds Social structure sorts or stratifies people into different institutions. People with different places in the social structure has different statuses.
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Types of status Max Weber (1864-1920) 1. Class/socio-economic status o Economic realm of social life o Get status from having money o Usually how we think of status in our daily lives 2. Prestige/social status o Cultural realm of social life o How much honor, respect, prestige, you’re given by others o Some groups have more honor than others o Possible to think gender and race as this kind of status  3. Power/political status o Political realm of social life o How much can you influence and change the behavior of others o Not only a president, but someone in the CIA, someone who worked for  someone in politics, etc. Stratification Types of status are correlated, but not perfectly o Prestige without wealth (ex. Mother Theresa) o Wealth without prestige (ex. nouveaux rich: people who have recently  acquired a lot of money but can’t make it into the right places because of  education, ancestors, etc.)
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o Power without wealth (ex. police officers) Some kinds of status can be exchanged for or transformed into others.
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