lecture7 - Women Working in the Global Economy A Feminist...

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Unformatted text preview: Women Working in the Global Economy: A Feminist Perspective Professor Yana Rodgers Women’s and Gender Studies Department Class 7: Gender, Globalization, and Labor Markets International Trade and Gender Organization 1. Motivation 2. China’s Competitiveness 3. Legislation and Compliance: How China Compares 4. Policy Options 5. Video Clip: Free Trade Slaves 6. Discussion Motivation Quota elimination from the end of the Multi-Fibre Agreement (MFA) is widely expected to cause major changes in world trade and production patterns in textiles and garments • Large production gains for China and India (low cost producers of textiles and garments) • Potential losses for most low-cost producers who are not protected with alternative favorable trade arrangements. • Disproportionate job losses for women workers • Global policy dialogues center around what countries can do to respond to this change in trade rules. Two options: Race to the bottom: compete with China on basis of low labor costs, weaken and dismantle labor standards. Take the “high road:” compete on the basis of quality, higher wages consistent with productivity. Motivation Both options have gendered implications: • Race to the bottom: Difficulty improving working conditions for women workers • High road: In the course of upgrading potential loss of jobs to male workers Objective of this paper: Evaluate which scenario is more likely by examining theory and evidence on 1) impact of labor standards on international competitiveness, and 2) labor legislation and compliance in Asia....
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course WOMENS SST 160 taught by Professor Rodgers during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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lecture7 - Women Working in the Global Economy A Feminist...

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