22ElecCampIntGrp_bw_

22ElecCampIntGrp_bw_ - American Government Lecture 22...

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American Government Lecture 22 - Elections
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Announcements Course evaluations Please fill one out Also: Ratemyprofessor.com Extra credit Paper topics due by next Thursday Experiment has a few more sessions
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Districts Redistricting Done every 10 years after Census Each State given House seats by population Identifying voter districts important Originally done by geography Led to misrepresentation Reynolds v. Sims (1964) “One person, one vote” House districts need to have equal populations Leads to decennial redistricting to redraw districts with equal populations
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Gerrymandering Eldridge Gerry Member of Founding Generation Created a district shaped like a salamander Allowed him to easily win reelection Two forms: Cracking Stacking
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Districting Districting Forming political boundaries Typically arises organically Towns, counties and states Redistricting Reforming political boundaries Arises through necessity Population equality Geographic needs Gerrymandering Reforming political boundaries to achieve a goal Arises through intention Maximize electoral efficiency and political strength
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AndersenLand A state of 10 people Has 2 districts • North and South • Fair based on size And pop Over time 10 more people move in Different kind of people 2 districts become ≠ Must redistrict to bring populations equal How? N S
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Andersenville: A District of 25 People Receives 5 seats in the House One seat per 5 people Rutgers Party wants to seize advantage Over PSU Party 16 People are RU fans, 9 are PSU 2/3 Rutgers, 1/3 PSU What to do? Fairness Crack Stack
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Andersenville R’s are Rutgers Party voters S’s are PSU Party voters Each district has to have 5 voters How does R do best? R R R R R R S S S R R S S S R R S S S R R R R R R
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Fair Plan - Makes straight sensible lines R R R R R R S S S R R S S S R R S S S R R R R R R R R R R R R S S S R R S S S R R S S S R R R R R R or Both cases give PSU 3 to RU’s 2
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Stacking Cluster voters together Reduce their impact Rutgers gains seats 4-1 R R R R R R S S S R R S S S R R S S S R R R R R R
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Cracking R R R R R R S S S R R S S S R R S S S R R R R R R Split PSU up RU gains all 5!!!
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If PSU gets more fans … PSU gets 4 more Now a majority 13-12 RU can’t hold them out Fair leads to 4 or 3 seats to PSU What to do? R S S S R R S S S R R S S S R R S S S S R R R R R
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Stacking and Cracking Make one super- majority district of PSU Crack the rest RU 4 - PSU 1 Even though RU is the minority Party in power can stay in power R S S S R R S S S R R S S S R R S S S S R R R R R
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Ballots A method of casting a vote Oral Noise/Crowd “Viva Voce” Written Physical Objects Different forms impact outcomes Public vs Private voting Cost of participation Accuracy
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22ElecCampIntGrp_bw_ - American Government Lecture 22...

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