10Congress_bw_ - American Government Lecture 10 Congress...

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Unformatted text preview: American Government Lecture 10 - Congress Announcements • Exams grades posted after class – On Sakai Gradebook • No reading assignment for Thursday Extra Credit Assignment • 12 - 15 page paper on a political issue – Hopefully of personal interest – Must be an issue (no biographies) • Examples: • Two unacceptable topics: Stimulus War in Iraq/Afghan Tuition Increases at RU Gun Control Terrorism Policy Parking at RU Health Care Use of Torture Football at RU Education/NCLB State Budget RU Monorail Extra Credit Assignment: Questions to answer • What is the issue about? – Importance? – Current details of issue? • History – When did this first get talked about? – What has been done in the past? • What are the proposed solutions? – On Both Sides – Who is advocating what? • What is your opinion? – As your conclusion Congress • Article I creates Legislative Branch – Designed to be the most powerful branch – Designed to be the most representative • Power best placed in the hands of the people • Most feared of the branches at the beginning – President was effectively checked • No money, no army, not given much power • President could refuse to act, but could legislature overpower? – Judiciary was effectively checked • No money, no power, no enforcement • Judiciary could rule against, but who would enforce? – Congress given “reigns of power” • Original major outside check was by elections • Relies primarily on internal checks Congress’ Beginning • Constitution provides structure – Gives powers to Congress – Explains design of Congress – Explains some procedures • First Congress elected – Have no idea of how to operate – Constitution provides no details • Combination of Design and Convention – Constitutionally designed, but run through conventions Powers of Congress • Article I, Section 8 – Four major sets of powers • Economic • Judicial • Military • Protective – One bonus power • 1. Economic Powers • Raise money (taxes) • Borrow money • Coin money • Make penalties for counterfeiting money • Regulate Commerce • Make Naturalization and Bankruptcy laws • Establish Post Offices and Post Roads • Promote science and arts through patents/copyrights Powers of Congress • 2. Judicial – Create courts lower than the Supreme Court – Define and punish piracy • 3. Military – Declare War – Raise armies, but for no longer than 2 years – Raise a navy – Make rules for governing armies and navies – Call forth militia to execute laws, suppress rebellions and invasions – Provide for training and equipping of militias Powers of Congress • 4. Protective – Make all laws for Washington DC • Bonus - Expansive/Elastic – Make all laws Necessary and Proper to carry out the above Structure • Two Chambers – Great Compromise • House of Representatives • Senate – English Origins • House of Commons • House of Lords • Use of Powers...
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course POLI SCI 790:106 taught by Professor Andersen during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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10Congress_bw_ - American Government Lecture 10 Congress...

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