11Congress - American Government Lecture 11 Congress...

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American Government Lecture 11 - Congress
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Congress Structure House - 435 Representatives Speaker of the House Senate - 100 Senators Majority Leader in the Senate   Powers  (+ Necessary and Proper) Economic Judicial Military Protective Responsibility Legislation Oversight Advice and Consent (Senate) Impeachment  
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Leadership Elected by majority vote 50% + 1 Typically involves Seniority Time in Office and Loyalty to Party Senate 100 Senators Ties broken by Vice-President of the US House 435 Representatives No ties, need 218 votes to win
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Internal Organization “Congress is Committees” Totally a product of Convention Nothing about committees in the Constitution Committees do everything in Congress In each chamber, Committees are assigned Majority party gets majority on each committee Proportional to majority in chamber Party leadership appoints members onto each committee Committee Chairs Ranking Member Most important decision for MC (Member of  Congress) Want prestige Want to help constituents
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Committees Form the real structure of Congress Where all the action is Not in the Constitution Merely convention Committee assignment determines member worth Four types: Standing Committee Select Committee Joint Committee Conference Committee
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1. Standing Committee Permanent Committee 21 in House, 20 in Senate Address vital areas of government Can write and review legislation Committees have jurisdiction over certain topics All legislation (laws) has to come through committee Sometimes several Members of committees have huge influence Determines reelection likelihood Determines power and influence Membership determined by party leadership • Majority party has a proportional majority within each committee
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Senate (20) Aging (Special) Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry **Appropriations** Armed Services Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Budget Commerce, Science and Transportation Energy and Natural Resources Ethics*
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11Congress - American Government Lecture 11 Congress...

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