03Foundations_bw_ - American Government Lecture 3 -...

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American Government Lecture 3 - Foundations
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Schedule Announcements Lecture 4 Readings Federalist 10 and 51 are on Sakai Lecture 2 Review Lecture 3 - Foundations
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Democratic Citizenship Based on two things: Knowledge Knowledge of Government Rules and Institutions Knowledge of Democratic Process How does a democracy work? Knowledge of Politics Issues, events, solutions and players Action/Participation Political Efficacy – The belief that you can participate in and influence government and politics Class only can provide half Knowledge of Government Knowledge of Democratic Process
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Lecture 2 Review Athenian Democracy Decisions should be made by the masses Deliberation makes a citizen Plato Everyone has a skill Government should identify and place people The “Gold” should rule Aristotle Anyone can be taught to be good Government should teach the people Form of government doesn’t matter Any form can be good for the people
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Lecture 2 Review Roman Republicanism All interests should have a say in government Power needs to be checked by power Can make citizens through enticements Dark Ages Small scale monarchies reign, checked by Church Mass participation disappears Machiavelli Everyone wants power Rulers seek to stay in power Use all means necessary to do so Keeping citizens content aids that
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Lecture 2 Review Hobbes Government is a necessary evil Social Contract exists between ruler and ruled “You protect me, I obey you” People just seek to survive Good government is strong government Locke People want more than survival Natural Rights Life, Liberty and Property Social Contract is binding If ruler fails to provide Natural Rights, people have a duty to rebel The power of rulers needs to be checked/balanced
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Lecture 2 Review Montesquieu Provide citizen participation in governance Protects rulers from making unpopular decisions Separation of Powers Executive Legislative Judicial Rousseau The ruled always resent the rulers Rebellion is inevitable Popular Sovereignty Ground all rule in the People
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American Foundations Combination of: Political Theory Practical Experience Unusual ability to form government Not conquest 30+ years of planning 13 “laboratories of democracy”
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03Foundations_bw_ - American Government Lecture 3 -...

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