Ch.4 hw - Crystal Cozart ESC1000 October 19, 2009 Ch. 4...

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Crystal Cozart ESC1000 October 19, 2009 Ch. 4 Homework 1.) Scientists measure geologic time in two ways. Relative age measurement refers only to the order in which events occurred. Determination of relative age is based on a simple principle: In order for an event to affect a rock, the rock must exist first. Thus, the rock must be older than the event. This principle seems obvious, yet it is the basis of much geological work. Absolute age is age in years. Absolute age tells us both the order in which events occurred and the amount of time that passed since they occurred. 3.) The principle of superposition states that sedimentary rocks become younger from bottom to top (as long as tectonic forces have not turned them upside down or thrust an older layer over a younger one). This is because younger layers of sediment always accumulate on top of older layers. If the rocks formed over a long time, different fossils appear and then vanish from bottom to top in the same order in which the organisms evolved and then became extinct. 4.) The principle of crosscutting relationships is based on the obvious fact that a rock must first
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course ESC 1000 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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