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Ethics - good and bad

Ethics - good and bad - New Unit Theories of Good and Bad 1...

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New Unit ---- Theories of Good and Bad 1. Good and bad in the sense we are interested – good and bad lives – welfare - what is good and bad for a person (and a sense of good which we aren’t interested in). 2. A very Important distinction -- -- Intrinsic goods vs. instrumental Goods . Know this!!! Illustrations 3. Hedonism is theory about intrinsic value. The Traditional hedonistic theory of value 1) pleasures or pleasant experiences are the only things that are intrinsically good, 2) pain or unpleasant experiences are the only things that are intrinsically bad, 3) all pleasures are intrinsically good, and 4) all unpleasant experiences are intrinsically bad. (Pleasure and pain should be construed very broadly to include any kind of pleasant or unpleasant experience.) The Traditional HTV is additive, i.e., it holds that How good or bad your life is depends on how much Pleasure and pain you experience. Every bit of pleasure makes your life better — every bit of pain make it worse. How do we measure the quantity of pleasure and pain? The usual answer is that the quantity of pleasure and plan is function of both its intensity and duration – how intense the pleasure or pain is and how long it lasts. A Simple illustration 4. Shafer-Landau’s (idiosyncratic) definition of Hedonism (the hedonistic theory of value) – P. G-3 The view that pleasure is the only thing that is intrinsically good/valuable and that pain (or unhappiness) is the only thing that is intrinsically bad.
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