Ethics - Plato - Lecture Outlines Philosophy 181 Fall 2010...

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Lecture Outlines Philosophy 181 Fall 2010 Plato 1. Historical Background. Socrates 469-399 BC. Plato 428-348 BC, Aristotle 384-322 BC. The 3 great figures of Greek Philosophy. Socrates life. 2. Dramatic Background of the Dialogue. Socrates and Euthyphro meet in court. Euthyphro is some kind of priest. 3. Euthyphro claims to be an expert about the nature of piety (Hosion). Socrates asks what piety hosion. 4. E’s First Answer. "P is to do what I am now doing - prosecute the wrongdoer." The First Answer is no Good because it isn't a Definition. 5. Definition #1 p. 7 What is dear to the gods is pious and what is not is impious." 6. Socrates’ objection. 7. Second Definition. "What all the gods hate is impious what all the gods love is pious." 8. Soc’s big question “Is what is the pious loved by the gods because it is pious, or is it pious because it is loved by the gods." Two possibilities: A) The gods love what is pious/just because it is pious/just B) What is pious/just is pious/just because the gods love it. Both Soc and Euth agree that A is true and B is false. 9. A Confusing Digression pp, 11-12 clarify the distinction between A and B. 10. A is inconsistent with Euth’s definition. Given that he accepts A and rejects B, Euthyphro must abandon his definition of piety/hosion. (Soc’s reasons for
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thinking that this is so – p. 13.)
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