Ethics - Relativism

Ethics - Relativism - Ayers Emotivism A. Emotivism as a...

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Ayer’s Emotivism A. Emotivism as a theory about the meaning of moral judgments. B. Emotivism vs. subjectivism “Lincoln is good” Emotivism = “Yeh Lincoln, catch the wave” Subjectivism = “I like Lincoln” D. Ross’s criticism – moral judgments not only express attitudes but claim that they are justified or warranted. E. Ayer on moral reasoning. 3. Mackie, A. His thesis. “Error theory” B. Comparison with Ayer and Nietzsche C. Arguments for the view that there are no objective values. Relativity Queerness Objectification. D. God and morality. Different Version of Moral Relativism. A. Descriptive or Cultural Relativism. Relativism about moral beliefs. B. Situational Relativism. C. Relativism about Standards of Right and Wrong ("Normative Relativism"). 1. The rightness of wrongness of an action is determined by the moral beliefs of the agent, i.e., an act is right if and only if the agent believes that it is right.
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2011 for the course PHIL 181 taught by Professor Thomascarson during the Spring '10 term at Loyola Chicago.

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Ethics - Relativism - Ayers Emotivism A. Emotivism as a...

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