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Exam 2 - SI Review - *FOR THE SESSION ON 10/11 PLEASE PRINT...

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****FOR THE SESSION ON 10/11… PLEASE PRINT THIS HANDOUT OUT AND A FEW COPIES OF THE BLANK DIAGRAMS FOR PHOTSYNTHESIS AND RESPIRATION!!**** Exam 2 Review 1. Women have ______ sets of homologous chromosome and men have ______ sets. Why? 2. Somatic cells are (body cells or reproductive cells) and gametes are (body cells or reproductive cells). 3. Somatic cells are (diploid or haploid) while gametes are (diploid or haploid). So a muscle cell contains ______ set(s) chromosomes and a sperm cell contains ______ set(s) of chromosomes. 4. (Mitosis or Meiosis) creates somatic cells and (Mitosis or Meiosis) creates gametes. 5. (Mitosis or Meiosis) results in daughter cells that are genetically identical to parent cells. 6. What events of meiosis are sources of genetic diversity? (What are ways that daughter cells can be made to be unique from parental cells?) 7. In meiosis, one diploid cell creates _______ haploid cells. 8. In Mitosis, one diploid cell creates _______ haploid cells. 9. The law of __________________ basically states that during meiosis (or gamete formation) 2 or more genes do not choose to “stick/travel together” into the same daughter cell. 10. The law of __________________ basically states that homologous chromosomes separate during meiosis. 11. The _____________ is the genetic makeup of an organism. 12. The _____________ is the outward or physical appearance of a genotype. 13. Blue and brown are ___________ of the gene for eye color. 14. T or F: Inheritance is the blending of characteristics. 15. T or F: Without the influence of evolution, the frequency of a recessive allele does not change from generation to generation.
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16. When you perform a monohybrid cross of parents that are both heterozygous for gene A (=Aa), what will the ratio of homozygous dominant to heterozygous to homozygous recessive be in the offspring? What will the ratio of the dominant phenotype to recessive phenotype be? 17. A ________________ cross involves the crossing of 2 characteristics. 18. ________________ occurs when both dominant alleles are expressed. 19. Chloroplasts capture energy and stores it as ________________. 20. The mitochondria break down glucose to make ________________. 21. T or F: Photosynthesis and respiration are exergonic reactions. 22. When water is split during the light dependent reaction of photosynthesis, the water is said to be (oxidized or reduced). 23. When a hydrogen atom is attached to NAD + , NAD + is (oxidized or reduced). 24. In the mitochondria, the breakdown of glucose is an to make ATP is an (oxidation or reduction) reaction. 25. T or F: NADPH is used as an electron carrier molecule in photosynthesis and NADH is used as an electron carrier in respiration. 26. After each process listed below write the general goal of each process Photosynthesis: Light dependent reaction: Light Independent reaction: Glycolysis and Respiration: Glycolysis: Krebs Cycle: Electron Transport Chain: Mitosis: Meiosis: 27. T or F: Von Helmont concluded that plants obtain their biomass from the soil.
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