EDEC 340 midterm outline

EDEC 340 midterm outline - Early Childhood Educator as...

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Early Childhood Educator as Decision-Maker On a daily basis… Caregivers/Teachers of young children make: safe, organized, variety of activities, good ratio of staff to children, clean o Short-term decisions- what snack to serve, how to handle a situation o Long-term decisions- policies in place, how to make families feel welcome Need to consider goals for children Be intentional about helping children achieve these goals What influences our decision-making? Personal experiences, beliefs, values, and cultures Theory and literature about how children learn and develop Information to help us make decisions… Developmentally Appropriate Practice (DAP)—NAEYC Position Statement: we have to get to know individual children in the classroom to plan appropriate experiences Ohio Infant/Toddler Guidelines NAEYC Code of Ethics- help you with decisions that are difficult Developmentally Appropriate Practice Meet children where they are and enable them to meet goals that are challenging and achievable Consider three kinds of knowledge when making decisions: o Age appropriateness ex. 2 yr olds are bad at sharing o Individual appropriateness ex. some are older when start walking o Social and cultural appropriateness everyone comes from a different background ~don’t follow general patterns 12 Principles of Child Development and Learning (pp.10-16) o What we know, based on theory and literature Guidelines for Developmentally Appropriate Practice (pp.16-23) o What we do, based on our knowledge Early Development is Integrated Developmental domains not segregated all interwoven- communication, cognitive development, etc. Learning happens holistically all parts of the child’s development is important (whole child) Learning originates in relationships healthy, safe, secure Learning occurs in routine and play arrival, diaper, meal time Child’s interest is key At each age… Ability unfolds naturally we don’t have the ability to directly teach certain skills ex. walking Children are driven to experiment naturally want to become a walker They strive to increase competence Focus on infants and toddlers 3 ages of infancy
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o Young infants-- Birth-9 months o Mobile infants -- 8-18 months o Toddlers (or older infants)— 16-36 months Are most programs DAP? NO!!!!! Cost, Quality, Outcomes Study (1995): o 40% of infant/toddler programs were HARMFUL o 8% of programs were good o 40% of programs poor How are children at risk? Basic sanitary conditions are poor – they are at risk for illnesses Few of the needed books and toys are available Implications… Social development is not supported The 3 R’s of Relationships 1. RESPECTFUL every interaction shows respect for them
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EDEC 340 midterm outline - Early Childhood Educator as...

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