INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING CH 7 HW

INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING CH 7 HW - International Accounting...

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T Anderson International Accounting Chapter 7: Translation of Foreign Currency Financial Statements 1. What are the two major conceptual issues that must be resolved in translating foreign currency financial statements? The two major issues related to the translation of foreign currency financial statements are: (a) which method should be used and (b) where should the resulting translation adjustment be reported in the consolidated financial statements. The first issue relates to determining the appropriate exchange rate (historical, current, or average for the current period) for the translation of foreign currency balances. Those items translated at the current exchange rate are exposed to translation adjustment. The second issue relates to whether the translation adjustment should be treated as a gain or loss in income, or should be deferred as a separate component of stockholders’ equity. 2. What factors create a balance sheet (or translation) exposure to foreign exchange risk? How does balance sheet exposure compare with transaction exposure? Balance sheet exposure arises when a foreign currency balance is translated at the current exchange rate. By translating at the current exchange rate, the foreign currency item in essence is being revalued in U.S. dollar terms on the consolidated financial statements. There will be either a net asset balance sheet exposure or net liability balance sheet exposure depending upon whether assets translated at the current rate are greater or less than liabilities translated at the current rate. Balance sheet exposure generates a translation adjustment, which does not result in an inflow or outflow of cash. Transaction exposure, which results from the receipt or payment of foreign currency, generates foreign exchange gains and losses that are realized in cash. 3. What is the concept underlying the current rate method of translation? What is the concept underlying the temporal method of translation? How does balance sheet exposure differ under those two methods? The major concept underlying the current rate method is that the entire foreign investment is exposed to foreign exchange risk. Therefore all assets and liabilities are translated at the current exchange rate. Balance sheet exposure under this concept is equal to the net investment. The major concept underlying the temporal method is that the translation process should result in a set of translated U.S. dollar financial statements as if the foreign subsidiary’s transactions had actually been carried out using U.S. dollars. To achieve this objective, assets carried at historical cost and stockholders’ equity are translated at historical exchange rates; assets
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INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING CH 7 HW - International Accounting...

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