Lec01_IntroPhilosophy - The Philosophy of Perception...

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The Philosophy of Perception Jonathan Pillow Perception (PSY 323), Fall 2010 The University of Texas at Austin
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What is Perception? stuff in the world
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What is Perception? extracting information via the senses forming internal representations of the world process for: stuff in the world percepts
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Outline for today: 1. Philosophy: What philosophical perspectives inform our understanding and study of perception? 2. General Examples why is naive realism wrong? why is perception worth studying? modern tools for studying perception
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Epistemology
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Epistemology = theory of knowledge Q: where does knowledge come from? Answer #1: Psychological Nativism the mind produces ideas that are not derived from external sources
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Q: where does knowledge come from? Answer #2: Empiricism All knowledge comes from the senses Proponents: Hobbes , Locke , Hume newborn is a “blank slate” (“tabula rasa”) Answer #1: Psychological Nativism the mind produces ideas that are not derived from external sources Epistemology = theory of knowledge
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Q: where does knowledge come from? Answer #2: Empiricism Answer #1: Psychological Nativism vs. resembles “nature” vs. “nurture” debate extreme positions at both ends are a bit absurd (See Steve Pinker ʼ s “The Blank Slate” for a nice critique of the blank slate thesis) Epistemology = theory of knowledge
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Metaphysics
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Metaphysics = theory of reality Q: what kind of stuff is there in the world? Answer #2: Monism there is only one kind of stuff Answer #1: Dualism there are two kinds of stuff usually: “mind” and “matter” materialism (physical stuff) idealism (mental stuff)
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Q: what is the relationship between “things in the world” and “representations in our heads”? Philosophy of Mind
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We perceive the world “as it is” Our minds have direct access to reality 1. Naive Realism (or “common sense realism”) external reality exact map of reality
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The only reality is that of mind / ideas There is no evidence for / reason to believe in an external world 2. Idealism reality ?
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course PSY 332 taught by Professor Salinas during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Lec01_IntroPhilosophy - The Philosophy of Perception...

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