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module14 - Module 14 Module Motivation Motivation Module 14...

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Module 14 Module 14 Motivation Motivation
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Module 14 How do human needs and job designs influence motivation to work? How do thought processes and decisions affect motivation to work? What role does reinforcement play in motivation?
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14.1 Human Needs and Job Design Maslow described a hierarchy of needs topped by self-actualization Alderfer’s ERG theory deals with existence, relatedness and growth needs McClelland identified acquired needs for achievement, power and affiliation Herzberg’s two-factor theory focuses on higher-order need satisfaction The core characteristics model integrates motivation and job design
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HUMAN NEEDS Maslow’s Hierarchy Motivation – level, direction and persistence of effort expended at work Maslow’s hierarchy Needs Unfulfilled desires that stimulate people to act Lower order needs Physiological, safety and social needs Higher order needs Esteem and self-actualization
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HUMAN NEEDS Maslow’s Hierarchy
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HUMAN NEEDS Alderfer’s ERG Theory Alderfer’s ERG Theory
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HUMAN NEEDS McClelland’s Acquired Needs Three acquired needs that vary in strength among people
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module14 - Module 14 Module Motivation Motivation Module 14...

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