Chapter 8-Resumes and Cover Letters.pdf - III. CREATING...

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74III. CREATING YOUR CAREER GAME PLANChapter 8: Résumés and Cover LettersThe most important tool you have on a résumé is language.—Jay Samit, digital media innovatorLEARNING OBJECTIVESBy the end of this section, you will be able to:Define the purpose and contents of a résuméIdentify characteristics of an effective cover letter and résuméA résumé is a “selfie” for business purposes. It is a written picture of who you are—it’s a marketing tool,a selling tool, and a promotion of you as an ideal candidate for any job you may be interested in. Theword résumé comes from the French word résumé, which means “a summary.” Leonardo da Vinci iscredited with writing one of the first known résumés, although it was more of a letter that outlined hiscredentials for a potential employer, Ludovico Sforza. The résumé got da Vinci the job, though, andSforza became a longtime patron of da Vinci and later commissioned him to paint The Last Supper. Youcan see the letter and read the translation at LaddersCareer Advice.
75Résumés and cover letters work together to represent you in the brightest light to prospectiveemployers. With a well-composed résumé and cover letter, you stand out—which may get you aninterview and then a good shot at landing a job.In this section we discuss résumés and cover letters as key components of your career developmenttool kit. We explore some of the many ways you can design and develop them for the greatest impact inyour job search.Your Résumé: Purpose and ContentsYour résumé is an inventory of your education, work experience, job-related skills, accomplishments,volunteer history, internships, residencies, and/or more. It’s a professional autobiography in outlineform to give the person who reads it a quick, general idea of who you are. With a better idea of who youare, prospective employers can see how well you might contribute to their workplace.As a college student or recent graduate, though, you may be unsure about what to put in your résumé,especially if you don’t have much employment history. Still, employers don’t expect recent grads to havesignificant work experience. And even with little work experience, you may still have a host of worthyaccomplishments to include. It’s all in how you present yourself.The following video is an animated look at why résumés are so important.Why Do I Need A Resume? By Leinard Tapat (Youtube)Elements of Your Successful RésuméPerhaps the hardest part of writing a résumé is figuring out what format to use to organize and presentyour information in the most effective way. There is no correct format, per se, but most résumésfollow one of the four formats below. Which format appeals to you the most?1.Reverse chronological résumé: A reverse chronological résumé (sometimes also simply called achronological résumé) lists your job experiences in reverse chronological order—thatis, starting with the most recent job and working backward toward your first job. It includesstarting and ending dates. Also included is a brief description of the work duties you performed

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