-2-
TABLE OF INFORMATION FOR 2008 and 2009
CONSTANTS AND CONVERSION FACTORS
Proton mass,
27
1.67
10
kg
p
m
0
¡
Electron charge magnitude,
19
1.60
10
C
e
0
¡
Neutron mass,
27
1.67
10
kg
n
m
0
¡
1 electron volt,
19
1 eV
1.60
10
J
0
¡
Electron mass,
31
9.11
10
kg
e
m
0
¡
Speed of light,
8
3.00
10 m s
c
¡
Avogadro’s number,
23
-1
0
6.02
10
mol
N
¡
Universal gravitational
constant,
11
3
2
6.67
10
m
kg s
G
0
¡
<
Universal gas constant,
8.31 J (mol K)
R
<
Acceleration due to gravity
at Earth’s surface,
2
9.8 m s
g
Boltzmann’s constant,
23
1.38
10
J K
B
k
0
¡
1 unified atomic mass unit,
27
2
1 u
1.66
10
kg
931 MeV
c
0
¡
Planck’s constant,
34
15
6.63
10
J s
4.14
10
eV s
h
0
0
¡
¡
<
<
25
3
1.99
10
J m
1.24
10
eV nm
hc
0
¡
¡
<
<
Vacuum permittivity,
12
2
2
0
8.85
10
C
N m
0
¡
<
Coulomb’s law constant,
9
2
2
0
1 4
9.0
10 N m
C
k
p
¡
<
Vacuum permeability,
7
0
4
10
(T m) A
m
p
0
¡
<
Magnetic constant,
7
0
4
10
(T m) A
k
m
p
0
¢
<
1 atmosphere pressure,
5
2
5
1 atm
1.0
10
N
m
1.0
10
Pa
¡
¡
meter,
m
mole,
mol
watt,
W
farad,
F
kilogram,
kg
hertz,
Hz
coulomb,
C
tesla,
T
second,
s
newton,
N
volt,
V
degree Celsius,
C
£
ampere,
A
pascal,
Pa
ohm,
W
electron-volt,
eV
UNIT
SYMBOLS
kelvin,
K
joule,
J
henry,
H
PREFIXES
VALUES OF TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS FOR COMMON ANGLES
Factor
Prefix
Symbol
q
0
D
30
D
37
D
45
D
53
D
60
D
90
D
9
10
giga
G
sin
q
0
1 2
3 5
2 2
4 5
3 2
1
6
10
mega
M
cos
q
1
3 2
4 5
2 2
3 5
1 2
0
3
10
kilo
k
tan
q
0
3 3
3 4
1
4 3
3
¤
2
10
0
centi
c
3
10
0
milli
m
6
10
0
micro
m
9
10
0
nano
n
12
10
0
pico
p
The following conventions are used in this exam.