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phi2604_exam1 - Validity check 1st then sound...

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Validity: check 1 st then sound Form/structure, entailmen(requires a conclusion) Type/token: one instances or occurrences of a certain type. Token – Blazer (specific) Type – Chevy (general) Principles of Charity - make the argument as strong as possible, give the author the “benefit of the doubt”. Principal of Faithfulness – be faithful to the author’s intentions, you must represent the argument exactly as he/she intended. Premise – the premise is part 1 of step 2 in argument analysis. Indicator: because, given that, as, follows from, since, but, yet. Conclusion –is part 2 of step of step 2 in argument analysis. Indicator: therefore, results, hence, it follows that, accordingly. A prior knowledge – armchair- when you don’t have to move for info. A posterior knowledge – empirical evidence you have to look around. Assumptions – a thing that is accepted as true or as certain to happen, without proof.
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