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Psych Final Review Sheet 2

Psych Final Review Sheet 2 - SocioemotionalAging ,problem

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Socioemotional Aging: The General Trajectory of age-related changes: Everyday Solving and Emotion: Instrumental- less emotionally charged problems, problem  focused action is the predominate strategy across age groups  such as home management problems Interpersonal- more emotionally charged such as problems with  friends and family Problem-focused action- direct action is taken to solve the  problem Passive strategies- denial, withdrawal from an interpersonal  conflict Older adults tend to use more passive emotion regulation  strategies in comparison to younger adults Middle adults tend to be more proactive in confronting  their emotions Emotion Regulation and Age: Emotion regulation refers to the process through which  individuals consciously or unconsciously modify one or more  components of emotion by modifying either their own  experiences or the emotion-eliciting situation Goals of emotion regulation- to maintain desirable emotional  states and to end undesirable states Changes in emotion across the lifespan: - There is perceived control of emotion and affect regulation  become stronger with age - Older adults use more passive emotion-regulation coping  when a stressful event is appraised as uncontrollable in  comparison to older adults Regulation of specific emotions: - Older adults were less likely to report feeling angry than  were younger adults
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- Older adults report less taxing emotions such as sadness - Younger adults saw emotion as more central to their lives  than did middle aged and older adults Pattern of age-related changes in: Autonomic and facial expressive-  Affect salience and intensity- Changes in the frequency of positive and negative affect: Moderators of positive and negative affect are: - Extraversion (association of age and positive affect was  weaker among extraverted men and stronger among  introverted men) - Martial status (among married men, there was a steep  decline in negative affect from 25-74 years old) Socioemotional Selectivity Theory: 1. Perception of time changes the goals that we choose to pursue: - Goals of older adults change as they perceive that they have  less time left, emotional goals become more important - Younger adults perceive that time is open-ended, knowledge  related goals are pursued more Findings: adolescents placed the greatest emphasis on  the potential for information gain and future contacts Infirm older people categorized others almost exclusively 
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