Anthropology1 - 1. Whatisanthropology? anthropos=humans...

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1. What is anthropology? “anthropos”=humans “logos”=”word” or “study” Anthropology= scientific study of humans There is non-scientific anthropology, like religion anthropology. Philosophy anthropology Scientific anthropology uses “the scientific method”-“ hypothesis testing” To learn about humans. What are humans? 1) Part of natural world 2) In animal kingdom 3) Type of “mammalia” 4) Kind of “primate” (along with prosimians, monkeys, and apes) 5) Member of the biological family hominadae(includes modern humans and all their bipedal  relatives.) What is bipedalism?-walk with two legs Earliest direct evidence of bipedalism - Fossilized footprints Tanzania, Africa Date: 3.6 million years ago - Indirect evidence: 7mya - Footprints preserved on the lunar surface Dates: July, 1969 Species: modern hominid, H.sapiens 2. Four traditional subfields of anthropology 1) Cultural anthropology- is the study of all aspects of human behavior 2) Archeology-is the study of earlier cultures and lifeways(both historic and prehistoric) 3) Linguistics-is the study of human speech and language including its origin and specific  languages. 4) Physical anthropology- is the study of human biology within the framework of evolution. (with emphasis on interaction between  Human evolution is considered to be “biocultural” Human biology<-development->culture 3. Sub disciplines of physical anthropology 1) Paleoanthropology is the interdisciplinary study of earlier hominids -chronology, physical structure, archeological remains, environment 2) Anthropometry is the measurement of people and body parts. 3) Human biology includes the study of human variation and modern populations. 4) Genetics-is the study of genestructure and the inheritance of traits. 5) Primatology- is the study of nonhuman primates(all aspects) 6) Osteology- is the study of the skeleton
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7) Paleopathology- is the study of disease and trauma in archeologically derived skeletal  populations. 8) Forensic anthropology- deals with the application of anthropological techniques to the  law. 9) Anatomy-   is   the   foundation   upon   which   many   of   the   subdisciplines   of   physical  anthropology rest. 4. The anthropological perspective is “holistic” The anthropological perspective 1) 2) Global I) all people II)all places III)all times 3) Comparative 4) Biocultural 5) Evolutionary 6) Scientific     13~14: the anthropological perspective     16~17: evaluation of science: lessons in critical thinking 1. What is “evolution”? Evolution can be defined in a number of ways
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2 taught by Professor Anthro2 during the Spring '08 term at Santa Monica.

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Anthropology1 - 1. Whatisanthropology? anthropos=humans...

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