Anth 2015-test 1

Anth 2015-test 1 - Archaeology T hurs 8-25 Lecture...

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Archaeology 8-25 Thurs. Lecture 1: -headline: builder wants to build on a cemetery Archaeology - what is it?? The study of material remains of human cultures $Culture is people’s patterned behavior; their way of life :The driving force behind learned behavior Anthropology - the study of people, past and present; patterned, learned behavior $Has 4 sub-fields (Archaeology is 1 of them) Archaeological Record - all evidence, remains, grounds that are studied. x Ex: sites, everything available to study $Time frame: earliest humans to the present - 100 to 200 kya homo sapien-sapien Archaeology as a Science: scientific method and hypothesis testing (must have a reason to destroy the past) Why study the past?? 1. Consulting Archaeology (CRM) s Culture Resource Management (a job most archaeologist have) p They do assessments and must regulate to govts. 2. Curiosity about the past $ John Lloyd Stephens wrote the book AIncidents of Travel in the [email protected] $Copan - an ancient site bought for 50$$ $ Heinrich Schliemann Troy (thought he found Troy) $Belize (British museums have things from Belize) 3. Adventure $ such as Raiders of the Lost Ark $ Sindero Luminoso $ John and Theresa Topic $Trent University 9-6-05 Tues Adventure cont. pseudoarchaeologists: - Erich von Daniken - Nazca Lines= lines of stones in Peru - Thor Hyerdahl= studied the islands - Easter Islands How were Islands inhabited??
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4. Explain problems $Rise and fall of civilizations $Origins of agriculture $Cultural anthropology- people living today -all past in the present? - enthnographic analogy - comparison to modern cultures - critical archaeology $ Introduced by archaeologists who study the past of European settlements ° Biast by capitalist perspective a Arch. Have ability to uncover past and things for the present 5. Explain the present $William Rathje (Dr. Garbage) c AGarbage [email protected] in Tuscon, AZ - 14% of trash was newspapers so recycling started - Chinampas= Afloating [email protected] $Forensic archaeology - work w/ police to help solve crimes ex: unsolved murders -former Yugoslavia and Guatamala have [email protected] mass graves - mass disasters (world trade center) What is the effect of the environment on human society?? 6. History $99% of human history is unwritten. - it=s the material remains that get studied Kinds of Archaeologists: 1. Prehistoric = study before the written record 2. Classical = study art/architecture of Greece and Rome 3. Historical = where they have historical records -Joe Last wPrivies (outhouses) 4. Underwater = work on ship wrecks $Requires specialized techniques $Any site thats underwater 5. CRM = culture resource management (consulting) 6. Forensic archaeology = go out in the field $Provide info. To survivors about one=s death
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Looting and Antiquities Trade -Who is at fault?? Antiquities Trade - UNESCO convention in 1970, people met about taking artifacts from cultural properties - agreed not to import/ export from countries who signed the convention - 1982= U.S. signed and illegal to import artifacts from most countries in world Goals of Archaeology: 1. Culture history - what happened where and when.
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