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article review with questions - 1 Which specific type of...

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1. Which specific type of research design was used ? A multimethod approach was used to investigate the reading and writing development of 54 children from first through fourth grade. The study incorporated observational research by charting responses to certain tasks and using surveys to record reading behaviors at home, and attitude towards reading. The study also relied on correlational research with a longitudinal survey design. 2. What was the purpose of the study ? The purpose of the study was to examine literacy development in children through fourth grade. In her research Juel (1988) attempted to answer the following questions: “Do the same children remain poor readers year after year? Do the same children remain poor writers year after year? What skills do the poor readers lack? What skills seem to keep poor readers from improving? What skills seem to keep poor writers from improving?” (p. 437). 3. What was the hypothesis of the study ? In her study Juel (1988) sought evidence that would either prove or disprove the conjecture that “if someone is a poor reader, then he or she must be either a poor decoder, a poor listener, or both. If someone is a poor writer, then he or she must be either a poor speller, a poor generator of ideas, or both” (p. 438). 4. On which research did the review of the literature focus ? The review of the literature focuses on a model of reading developed by Gough and Tunmer called the Simple View. Juel describes the Simple View as a theoretical model which contends that the ability to read depends upon two different components: decoding 1
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and comprehension. Decoding is the ability to make sense of printed words, where comprehension, is the process by which meaning is obtained. Juel asserts that certain elements are thought to increase skill level in decoding and comprehension. Of mention are factors such as awareness of distinct sounds, time spent at home with word play, exposure to written text, and the amount of “decontextualized” vocabulary used inside the household. Additionally, Juel discusses the Simple View in the context of writing. The Simple View puts forth that writing is also based upon two factors, spelling and ideation. Ideation is “the ability to generate and organize ideas” (Juel, 1988, p. 438). Factors noted by Juel that are believed to cultivate spelling and ideation are reading aloud to children at home and engagement in writing activities. 5.
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article review with questions - 1 Which specific type of...

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