History Midterm Rewiew

History Midterm - Appeasement is the policy of settling international quarrels by admitting and satisfying grievances through rational negotiation

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Appeasement is the policy of settling international quarrels by admitting and satisfying grievances through rational negotiation and compromise, thereby avoiding the resort to an armed conflict which would be expensive, bloody, and possibly dangerous. It is the foreign policy of British Prime Minister Chamberlain towards Nazi Germany between 1937 and 1939. In Europe, France and Britain also remembered the horrors of the Great War and refrained from challenging German rearmament. However, allied appeasement did not deter Hitler’s drive for territory and power. The “Iron Curtain” was the symbolic, ideological, and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991 . It took the shape of border defences between the countries of Western and Eastern Europe . While the Iron Curtain was in place, east side was the Soviet sphere and west side was the American sphere. It served to keep people in and information out. "The Four Policemen" was a term coined by U.S. President FDR, to refer to four major Allies of World War II : the United States , Great Britain, Soviet Union , and China . This organization would have the power to deal immediately with any threat to peace and any sudden emergency which requires this action. Roosevelt's phrase symbolized his conception of the post-World War II world. Totalitarianism is used to describe political systems whereby a state regulates nearly every aspect of public and private life. Totalitarian regimes maintain themselves in political power by disseminating an official all-embracing ideology and propaganda . The term has been applied to many states, including the Soviet Union , Nazi Germany , People's Republic of China , etc. Open Door Policy is the policy of granting equal trade opportunities to all countries. It was advanced by the United States in order to ensure its commercial interests in China. The U.S. asked the major powers t not to interfere with the free use of the treaty ports within their spheres of influence in China. This policy could put all of the imperial nations on an equal footing and minimize the power of those nations with existing spheres of influence. Atomic diplomacy refers to attempts to use the threat of nuclear warfare to achieve diplomatic goals. The U.S. had used atomic weapons against Hiroshima and Nagasaki during the last days of World War II in order to end the war with victory. Also it wanted to use the bombs to intimidate the Soviets, signaling that the U.S. would use nuclear weapons to structure a postwar world around U.S. interests. Lend-Lease was the name of the program under which the United States supplied the Allied nations with vast amounts of war material between 1941 and 1945. It was firstly proposed by FDR in order to aid Great Britain to counter Axis powers. Lend-Lease was not only a critical factor that brought the US into the war, but also leaded the eventual success of the Allies in
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This note was uploaded on 02/10/2011 for the course HISTORY 512 taught by Professor Hewitt during the Fall '10 term at Rutgers.

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History Midterm - Appeasement is the policy of settling international quarrels by admitting and satisfying grievances through rational negotiation

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