What sort of conflict was under way in Korea in June 1950? The conflict began as a civil war between South Korea and North Korea. Both Korean leaders attempted to unify the two Koreas under their respective government and clashed in frequent border skirmishes. On June 25, 1950 North Korean Army invaded the South; the Korean War broke out. Both south and north sides were supported by external powers. In South Korea the United States offered support to government of Syngman Rhee, and in North Korea the Soviet Union aided Kim Il Sung’s Communist regime. Because of the two superpowers interventions, the conflict between South Korea and North Korea escalated. It became a special phase of Cold War in which the United States and the Soviet Union used third parties as substitutes for fighting each other. The Soviet Union did not enter the war directly, but it pressed its communist ally, China, to intervene on behalf of North Korea. Besides, the U.S. intervention formed a threat to Chinese national security because North Korea was its neighboring
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