Terms - B-Law Terms 1 1964 Civil Rights Act outlawed...

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B-Law Terms 1. 1964 Civil Rights Act - outlawed segregation in the US schools and public places. First conceived to help African Americans, the bill was amended prior to passage to protect women in courts, and explicitly included white people for the first time. It also started the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. 2. Administrative regulations - regulations governing administrative agencies- -that is, those agencies created by Congress or state legislatures, such as the Social Security Administration, state Unemployment Insurance Boards, state Welfare Commissions and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration 3. Affirmative action - refers to policies intended to promote access to education or employment aimed at a historically socio-politically non-dominant group 4. Agency responsibility - The head of each agency shall establish procedures to assure that no employee is subject to restraint, interference, coercion, discrimination or reprisal for filing a report of an unsafe or unhealthful working condition, or other participation in agency occupational safety and health program activities, or because of the exercise by such employee on behalf of himself or herself or others 5. Americans With Disabilities Act - wide-ranging civil rights law that prohibits, under certain circumstances, discrimination based on disability 6. Apparent authority - describe a situation in which a principal leads a third party to believe that an agent has authority to bind the principal, even where the agent lacks the actual authority to bind the principal 7. At will doctrine - employment is presumed to be voluntary and indefinite for both employees and employers. As an at-will employee under the doctrine, you may quit your job whenever and for whatever reason you want, usually without consequence. In turn, at-will employers may terminate you whenever and for whatever reason they want, usually without consequence 8. Bankruptcy Reform Act - attempts to make it more difficult for consumers to discharge debt under Chapter 7; some of these consumers may instead utilize Chapter 13 9. BFOQ ( bona fide occupational qualification) - quality or an attribute that employers are allowed to consider when making decisions on the hiring and retention of employees–qualities that, when considered, in other contexts would be considered discriminatory and thus violating civil rights employment law
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B-Law Terms 10. Breach of contract - legal concept in which a binding agreement or bargained-for exchange is not honored by one or more of the parties to the contract by non- performance or interference with the other party's performance 11. breach of duty - failure to perform some promised act or obligation 12. Business judgment rule - a case law-derived concept in Corporations law whereby a court will refuse to review the actions of a corporation's board of directors in managing the corporation unless there is some allegation of conduct that (1) violates (a) the directors' duty of care, (b) duty of loyalty, or (c) duty of
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