What is Linux?Operating system like Windows, MacOS, etcresource managementCSIS0230 (Principles of Operating Systems)By Linus Benedict Torvalds, a Finnish student when he was 21 years old in 1991Free software - freedom: the right to obtain source code, modify it and redistribute without restriction, except if you distribute it, distribute it with freedom.Can charge a price, but usually free :-)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.htmlI want to open the web browser.CPU, do it! monitor, do that! hard disk, do that…
Why Linux?Widely used for supercomputers (http://www.top500.org/overtime/list/34/os)more securecustomizedPowerfulMany development toolsC, C++, python, debugging, timing, profiling, etc.This course: Fedora 132nd most popularOriginated from Red Hat, very popular for business usage, e.g., in NYEX
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Graphical User Interface (GUI)How to work in Linux?Similar to WindowsDemonstration: Office software, programs, games, file operationsA GUI allows users to interact with the OS using mouse clicks, icons, menus, toolbars and other graphics elements.