Assignmentweek 2-Discussion Exercise Nop

Assignmentweek 2-Discussion Exercise Nop - Phil Le 1 Phil...

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Phil Le 1 Phil Le Dr. Mansour Sharifzadeh MHR 301 14 October 2010 DISCUSSION ASSIGNMENT Ch 1.2 1. How does today’s business world compare with the one of 40 years ago ? What is different about today, and what is not so different ? Managers of two time periods have faced the same fundametal issues and problems in business management: They have performed the same management functions: Planning, Organizing, Leading, and Controlling. However, managers of today’s business world are facing more complicated and challenging issues and problems due to globalization, technological change. New technologies change how we work, produce goods, and deliver services. Change continually creates both new opportunities and new demands for lowering costs. Therefore, in order to survive and grow in today’s highly competitive business world, managers have to efficently create and manage innovation, quality, service, speed, and cost competiveness. Additionally, today’s managers need to research and choose the most suitable management approach to apply to their organization management. In other words, management knowledge and practices have to evolve to adapt to the new competitive landscape. 2. What is scientific management ? Scientific management is a classical management approach applying scientific methods to analyze and determine the “one best way” to complete production tasks. How might today’s organization use it ?
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Phil Le 2 It is not difficult for us to find the actual application of scientific management nowaday. For instance, the car makers (the Big Three), the computer manufacturing plants (Dell), the hospital chain (Kaiser Permanente), the restaurant chain (Mc Donald) function efficiently due to their application of scientific management. The benefits of scientific management are the ability to coordinate a mutual relationship between employers and workers. It helps these organizations focus to organizing its structure to meet the objectives of both the employer and employees. It also helps the organizations to achieve economies of scale, full control of workforce due to applying a piecerate payment system to guarantee that their workers will produce the required amount. However, today’s organization should not merely use only this pure management approach which has some shortcomings such as ignorance of job-related social and psychological factors, boredom, apathy, and quality control problems. What is more, this approach does not help managers deal with external issues such as competitors and government regulations. Therefore, managers should pay attention on how to eliminate these shortcomings. For instance, they can apply the strenghts of other management approaches to their firms. 3.
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Assignmentweek 2-Discussion Exercise Nop - Phil Le 1 Phil...

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