Test # 1 Anthro Study Guide

Test # 1 Anthro Study Guide - SOCA 105/ Fall 2009 Exam # 1...

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SOCA 105/ Fall 2009 Exam # 1 Study Guide History of Anthropology, Culture, and Applied Anthropology Key Terms Key Concepts/Ideas/Questions Key Thinkers Anthropology - The study of human species and its immediate ancestor What is anthropology? The study of human species and its immediate ancestor What are the political and economic forces that brought about the emergence of the anthropology as a discipline in the 19 th century? Brought out by encountering prior to Columbus and forces of trading, slavery, and conquest The Other - a person or group viewed as very different from oneself J. Rousseau and S. Morton Inventition of noble savage Scientific Racism -attempts to use scientific methods and theories to support beliefs in the inferiority or the superiority of what are held to be the biological races of the human species *Scientific racism is a form of ethnocentrism Samuel Morton Skull race group and used cranimeter to measure human body’s skull and race He also also used mustard seeds Craniology - is the technique of measuring the bones of the skull
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The Noble Savage - a term coined in a poem by John Dryden representing 18 th -19 th century view of small-scale or early human societies as uniformly more noble and humane than contemporary European societies Enlightenment Romanticism -was getting the world together Jean-Jacques Rousseau Philosopher attitude of romance Evolution -progressive, transformative change in something over time Biological Evolution - the process by which plant and animal species change their genetic composition over time, sometimes leading to the emergence of new species and the disappearance of older
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Test # 1 Anthro Study Guide - SOCA 105/ Fall 2009 Exam # 1...

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